Crematogaster

Longino, J. T., 2003, The Crematogaster (Hymenoptera, Formicidae, Myrmicinae) of Costa Rica., Zootaxa 151, pp. 1-150: 25-29

publication ID

20256

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/F58E6F32-C851-7A04-D876-7FD3E58EFADA

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Crematogaster
status

 

KEY TO WORKERS OF CREMATOGASTER  HNS  SPECIES OF COSTA RICA

1 Face appearing somewhat bare, with dilute appressed pubescence, and usually six or fewer erect setae (Fig. 4); if more (up to 20), workers strongly polymorphic and propodeal spiracle very large (Fig. 7A, stollii  HNS  ); antennal scapes, when laid back, fail to reach posterior margin or only slightly surpass posterior margin; petiole in dorsal view only slightly longer than wide to distinctly wider than long (PTWI> 83), sides convex or straight and parallel, never long and gradually converging anteriorly ...... 2

- Face with abundant erect to suberect pilosity; in some cases setae may be somewhat thickened, relatively short, and curved, but still with a relatively uniform vestiture of standing pilosity (Fig. 4); no underlying short appressed pubescence; scape length variable; petiole in dorsal view variable, subquadrate to elongate, with sides straight and subparallel to converging anteriorly, never with strongly convex sides ............. 9

2 Postpetiole distinctly bilobed, much broader than long in dorsal view (PPI> 150), with broad median longitudinal sulcus; head somewhat elongate (CI 100-103); scapes when laid back just reach or slightly surpass posterior margin of head; face completely devoid of erect setae ....................................................................... distans  HNS 

- Postpetiole subcircular or subquadrate, not broadly bilobed (PPI <150), median sulcus absent or weakly impressed; head of larger workers distinctly wider than long (CI> 107); scapes variable; face usually with at least one pair of erect setae ........... 3

3 Propodeal spiracle very large (Fig. 7A); face with up to 20 erect setae.. .......... stollii  HNS 

- Propodeal spiracle smaller (Fig. 7B); face usually with 6 or fewer erect setae ........ 4

4 Pilosity on fourth abdominal tergite composed of abundant filiform flexuous setae, a combination of long erect setae and abundant, long, suberect pubescence ....... crucis  HNS 

- Pilosity on fourth abdominal tergite a combination of completely appressed pubescence, and, when present, a variable number of erect setae; erect setae short, weakly to strongly flattened and stiff ..................................................................................... 5

5 Promesonotum with at least humeral setae long and filiform; dorsal face of propodeum short, not distinctly differentiated from posterior face ..................................... 6

- Promesonotum with dorsal setae short and stiff; dorsal face of propodeum differentiated or not ................................................................................................................... 7

6 Promesonotum with 7-10 medium length flexuous setae .. ............................ moelleri  HNS 

- Only humeral setae long and filiform, other dorsal setae shorter and stiff ....... erecta  HNS 

7 All except the largest workers (HW> 1mm) without differentiated dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum (Fig. 7C); fourth abdominal tergite completely lacking erect setae; anteroventral petiolar tooth well developed, acute and projecting ......... rochai  HNS 

- All workers, even small ones, usually with short, differentiated dorsal face of propodeum(Fig. 7D); fourth abdominal tergite always with at least a few erect setae; anteroventral petiolar tooth variable .......................................................................... 8

8 Anteroventral petiolar tooth relatively well-developed and sharp (Fig. 7E); fourth abdominal tergite with abundant setae that are uniformly distributed ............ crinosa  HNS 

- Anteroventral petiolar tooth relatively less well-developed, forming a right or only weakly acute angle rather than a projecting tooth (Fig. 7F); fourth abdominal tergite with moderately abundant setae that are more dense anterolaterally, often leaving a median strip relatively clear of setae .................................................................. torosa  HNS 

9 Petiole in dorsal view elongate and regularly tapering anteriorly; PTWI <73; postpetiolar node tall, globular, usually about as wide as long, rarely wider (PPI 85-124), with no median sulcus; face with abundant long or medium length erect setae, face setae never short and stubble-like; color brown to black, never yellow or distinctly bicolored; face smooth and shiny, not punctate or striate ( limata  HNS  complex) ........... 10

- Petiole in dorsal view relatively shorter, usually subquadrate to rectangular, not tapering anteriorly (if somewhat tapering anteriorly, color yellow or distinctly bicolored, or face with sparse erect setae and abundant shorter curved setae); PTWI> 67; postpetiole variable in dorsal view; face setae, color, and face sculpture variable.... 17

10 Propodeal spines very long, directed upward and outward, SPI usually> 34, if in the range 29-33 (small specimens of nigropilosa  HNS  ) then hind tibia with appressed pilosity .................................................................................................................................. 11

- Propodeal spines shorter (SPI <32), if in the range 29-33 (large specimens of limata  HNS  ) then hind tibiae with erect pilosity; propodeal spines usually directed posteriorly .................................................................................................................................. 12

11 Hind tibia with abundant erect setae; setae on face light yellow ............... longispina  HNS 

- Hind tibia with appressed pilosity; setae on face dark amber .. ................. nigropilosa  HNS 

12 Setae on mesosomal dorsum dark amber; mesosoma highly polished, with sculpture confined to lateral carinae of mesonotum; carinae on dorsal and posterior faces of mesonotum meet at strongly angular to tuberculate juncture; tibiae with a combination of appressed short pilosity and scattered long erect setae ................. sotobosque  HNS 

- Setae on mesosomal dorsum light amber to whitish; mesosoma less highly polished, with varying degrees of carinulae and rugulae on pronotum and katepisternum; carinae on dorsal and posterior face of mesonotum may meet at angle, but not produced as a tubercle; tibial pilosity variable, but usually comprised of abundant long erect setae .................................................................................................................................. 13

13 Hind tibia with abundant medium-length subdecumbent setae, no long erect setae; petiole with angular anteroventral tooth; postpetiole with no ventral tooth ................ ..................................................................................................................... foliocrypta  HNS 

- Hind tibia with abundant long erect setae; ventral margins of petiole and postpetiole variable .... 14

14 Postpetiole with acute anteroventral tooth .............................................................. 15

- Postpetiole lacking anteroventral tooth ................................................................... 16

15 Petiole relatively triangular in lateral view (PTHI>60), usually lacking anteroventral tooth; posterodorsal tubercles distinctly higher than posterodorsal margin of tergite (Fig. 7G) ....................................................................................................... tenuicula  HNS 

- Petiole relatively elongate (PTHI <60 in Central America, variable and often higher in South America), with angular to acute anteroventral tooth; posterodorsal border of petiole low, posterodorsal tubercles little higher than posterodorsal margin of tergite (Fig. 7H) ......................................................................................... brasiliensis  HNS 

16 Petiole with angular anteroventral tooth; propodeal spines short (SPI <21) .... carinata  HNS 

- Petiole usually lacking anteroventral tooth; propodeal spines long (SPI> 25) .... limata  HNS 

17 Face largely punctate or otherwise heavily sculptured, with smooth and shiny portion restricted to a median strip ................................................................................ 18

- Face largely smooth and shining, with at most small areas of punctation between eye and antennal insertion ............................................................................................. 22

18 Tibiae with abundant erect setae; size relatively large (WL> 0.70) ....................... 19

- Tibial pilosity fully appressed, not erect; size relatively smaller (WL <0.73) ........ 21

19 Dorsal setae on mesosoma and fourth abdominal tergite dark amber; propodeum somewhat inflated; propodeal spines very thin and needle-like (Fig. 7I,J) ..... arcuata  HNS 

- Dorsal setae whitish; propodeum less inflated; propodeal spines more broadly tapering to base (Fig. 7K,L,M,N) ..................................................................................... 20

20 Propodeal spines relatively thinner and less diverging, more posteriorly directed in dorsal view (Fig. 7K,L); dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum not well differentiated, more or less in same plane; anteroventral margin of petiole with a low, rounded tumosity but lacking distinct angle or tooth; anteroventral margin of postpetiole with bluntly rounded projection, lacking sharp tooth ............................................. evallans  HNS 

- Propodeal spines stout and diverging (Fig. 7M,N); dorsal and posterior faces of propodeum differentiated, not in same plane; anteroventral margin of petiole developed as distinct right to acute angle; anteroventral margin of postpetiole with sharp, acute tooth .... ............................................................................................................. acuta  HNS 

21 Propodeum somewhat inflated, with propodeal spines reduced to small denticles; anteroventral petiolar tooth lacking .......................................................... montezumia  HNS 

- Propodeum not inflated; propodeal spines well-developed; anteroventral petiolar tooth well-developed .................................................................................... obscurata  HNS 

22 Color uniformly yellow or orange.. ......................................................................... 23

- Color amber to dark brown or black, or bicolored with dark head and gaster, lighter mesosoma .... .......................................................................................................... 28

23 Mid and hind tibiae with one or more very long erect setae, much longer than maximum tibia width ....................................................................................................... 24

- Mid and hind tibiae with appressed to suberect setae, none longer than maximum width of tibia ........................................................................................................... 25

24 Propodeal spines upturned; erect setae on pronotal humeri and posterolateral mesonotum very long, subequal in length, longer than setae on anterolateral mesonotum (Fig. 7O) ............................................................................... sumichrasti  HNS 

- Propodeal spines directed posteriorly; erect setae on pronotal humeri and anterolateral mesonotum the longest, longer than setae on posterolateral mesonotum (Fig. 7P) ................................................................................................................ flavosensitiva  HNS 

25 Eyes very small (OI <23); erect setae on face and mesosomal dorsum relatively short, somewhat stiffened, forming a stubble; propodeal spines short, upturned ........ ................................................................................................................. flavomicrops  HNS 

- Eyes larger (OI> 24), erect setae on face and mesosoma longer and thinner; propodeal spines variable .............................................................................................. 26

26 Pair of setae on posterolateral mesonotum subequal in length to humeral setae; propodeal spines relatively long, upturned .............................................. monteverdensis  HNS 

- Propodeal spines of variable length, upturned or directed posteriorly; humeral setae much longer than any setae on mesonotum ............................................................. 27

27 Propodeal spines short (SPI 15-18); mesosoma relatively compact in lateral profile (Fig. 7Q) ................................................................................................... minutissima  HNS 

- Propodeal spines long (SPI 18-21); mesosoma more elongate in lateral profile (Fig. 7R) ............................................................................................................................. wardi  HNS 

28 Tibiae with setae fully appressed ............................................................................. 29

- Tibiae with abundant erect setae .............................................................................. 31

29 Postpetiole much wider than long (PPI> 138); setae on face short, flattened, curved or slanted toward median axis; anteroventral margin of petiole lacking angle or tooth; ventral margin of postpetiole with rounded lobe, without acute tooth .............. ....................................................................................................................... abstinens  HNS 

- Postpetiole more globular (PPI <132); setae on face of variable length and stiffness, but not strongly curved or slanting toward median axis; anteroventral margin of petiole with subacute tooth or at least blunt lobe; ventral margin of postpetiole with obtuse to acute tooth ................................................................................................ 30

30 Propodeal spines regularly tapering from base to tip (Fig. 7S) .................. bryophilia  HNS 

- Propodeal spines in dorsal view with bases thickened, directed outward, tips short, abruptly narrowed and directed posteriorly (Fig. 7T) .............................. curvispinosa  HNS 

31 Propodeal spines forming angular tumosities, not spiniform, or with at most a minute spiniform denticle .................................................................................. raptor  HNS 

- Propodeal spines distinctly spiniform ...................................................................... 32

32 Ventral margin of postpetiole with acute to right angled tooth; propodeal spines relatively long and upturned (SPI 19-23); postpetiole gradually constricted toward helcium; mesosoma often light brown, contrasting with dark brown head and gaster ..... ........................................................................................................................ snellingi  HNS 

- Ventral margin of postpetiole flat, completely lacking tooth; propodeal spines relatively short and posteriorly directed (SPI 13-18); postpetiolar node abruptly constricted, with clearly defined juncture with cylindrical stem of helcium; head, mesosoma, and gaster uniformly dark brown.. ............................................. jardinero  HNS