Protoneura calverti Williamson, 1915

Ellenrieder, Natalia Von & Garrison, Rosser W., 2017, A synopsis of the Neotropical genus Protoneura (Odonata: Coenagrionidae), Zootaxa 4361 (1), pp. 1-76: 16-18

publication ID

https://doi.org/10.11646/zootaxa.4361.1.1

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lsid:zoobank.org:pub:53489D29-C68F-44FD-9EA2-CFCA7B949630

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http://treatment.plazi.org/id/D2332A59-FFA1-4E46-FF5D-F99FFEC86A97

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scientific name

Protoneura calverti Williamson, 1915
status

 

Protoneura calverti Williamson, 1915 

Figs. 5 View Figure (♂ habitus), 29 (♀ habitus), 51 (♀ mes. plate), 75 (gen. lig.), 101 (♂ app.), 124 (map)

Protoneura calverti Williamson, 1915: 619  –623, pl. 44, figs 1, 11, 12, 23, 24 (in key, description of ♂ and ♀, illustrations of wings, thoracic pattern, ♂ S10);— Cowley & Gloyd (1938: 17–18, pl. 1, Figs. 6–11View FIGURES 5–8View FIGURES 9–12, pl. 5, Figs. 1–7View FIGURES 1–4View FIGURES 5–8; diagnosis from P. tenuis  , additional illustrations of type series);— Gloyd (1939: 7, 16, 17; diagnosis from P. scintilla  and P. woytkowskii  );— Cowley (1941: 157, 162, 164, 165, 168-170, 173; descriptive comments, key to species in tenuis  -group, map);— Calvert (1948: 61; Guyana, notes on color variability); Belle (2002: 2; Suriname);— Garrison et al. (2003: 20; type information);— von Ellenrieder (2009a; IUCN assessment);— Garrison et al. (2010: 379);—von Ellenrieder (2011: 59; Suriname);—von Ellenrieder (2017: 200, 205; Guyana);—von Ellenrieder et al. (2017: 7; Guyana).

Primary types. Holotype ♂. Guyana: Tumatumari , 9 ii 1912, L.A. & E.B. Williamson & B.J. Rainey leg. [ UMMZAbout UMMZ]. 

Specimens examined. 33 ♂ 10 ♀: VENEZUELA, Amazonas State  : 1 ♂, small tributary to Siapa River , 8 ii 1989, D.A. Polhemus leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]; Bolivar State  : 4 ♂ 2 ♀ (two pairs in copula), Caño Curususuk, 63 km S of Cuyuni River {6°15' N, 61°20' W, 163 m}, 11–12 ii 1976, C.M. & O.S. Flint, Jr. leg. [ USNMAbout USNM]GoogleMaps  . GUYANA, Upper Demerara-Berbice Region  : 1 ♂ 1 ♀ (paratypes), Potaro Landing {5°59' N, 58°33' W}, 10 ii 1912 [ UMMZAbout UMMZ]; Potaro-Siparuni RegionGoogleMaps  : 1 ♂ 1 ♀ (paratypes), Tumatumari {5°17' N, 58°59' W}, 11 ii 1912, B.J. Rainey, L.A. & E.B. Williamson leg. [UMMZ]; 1 ♂ (paratype) same data but [ FSCAAbout FSCA]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Amacua, Itabú (5°9'10'' N, 59°30'12'' W, 440 m), 28 iii 2014, N. von Ellenrieder & W. Washington leg. [CSBD]; 1 ♀, Camp 2 upriver, creek (5°6'31'' N, 59°38'38'' W, 661 m), 22 iii 2014, N. von Ellenrieder leg. [CSCA]; 1 ♀, Konawaruk watershed , headwaters, shaded stream (5°4'51'' N, 59°15'59'' W, 130 m), 12 ix 2014, R. Mohabie leg. [ CSBD]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Camp 2, bank of Potaro river (5°3'59'' N, 59°39'24'' W, 560 m), 19–21 iii 2014, N. von Ellenrieder leg. [ CSBD]GoogleMaps  ; 2 ♂ 1 ♀ (one pair in tandem), same data but [ CSCAAbout CSCA]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂ 1 ♀ (in tandem), same data but [RWG]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Camp 2 to Camp 1, Potaro River from boat (5°3'15'' N, 59°39'49'' W, 573 m), 20 iii 2014, N. von Ellenrieder leg. [ CSCAAbout CSCA]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Iwokrama {4°32'58'' N, 58°46'24'' W}, 23 i 2015, B. Willink & E. Svensson leg. [MZLU]; 1 ♂, same data but [ CSCAAbout CSCA]; East Berbice- Corentyne RegionGoogleMaps  : 1 ♂, Berbice watershed   , Berbice White Sands Camp , sandy blackwater creek at camp with associated pools upstream (4°45'26'' N, 58°0'16''W, 28 m), 29 ix 2014, N. von Ellenrieder & J. Archer leg. [RWG]GoogleMaps  . SURINAME, Sipaliwini Dist.   : 3 ♂ 1 ♀, forest creek, Sipaliwini River Camp (2°17'40'' N, 56°36'13'' W, 208 m), 28 viii–1 ix 2010, N. von Ellenrieder leg. [NZCS]; 5 ♂ 1 ♀ (one pair in tandem), same data but [ CSCAAbout CSCA]  ; 4 ♂ 1 ♀ (one pair in tandem), same data but [RWG]. FRENCH GUIANA, Saint Laurent Du Maroni  : 2 ♂, Mana river {5°40' N, 53°47' W}, v 1917 [ FSCAAbout FSCA]GoogleMaps  ; 1 ♂, Tamanois, Mana river , v 1917, S.M. Klages leg. [ FSCAAbout FSCA]  . BRAZIL, Roraima State: 1 ♂, Surumu, NW of Deposito {4°14' N, 60°55' W}, ix 1966, M. Alvarenga leg. [RWG].GoogleMaps 

Characterization. Male: Epicranium black with copper to greenish metallic reflections, dorsum of thorax black with reddish orange spots, and dorsum of abdomen black, usually with narrow light blue basal spots on S3–7; pale colors reddish orange, and pale yellow to paleblue ( Fig. 5 View Figure ). Pronotum black with large reddish-orange spot on center of middle lobe. Mesepisternum black with reddish orange triangular spot on basal half narrowing distally, sometimes branched into a short stripe along humeral suture; mesepimeron black; metepisternum basal half pale yellow with ventral, posterior and dorsal corners black; metepimeron anterior half black and posterior half pale bluish yellow. Coxa, trochanter, and base of femur with yellow, remainder of leg black; tibial spurs shorter than twice intervening spaces. Genital ligula lacking lateral lobes, with a distal margin approximately straight to slightly concave, and with laterodistal corners projected ventrally ( Fig. 75 View Figure ). Cercus longer than S10 length, slightly shorter than paraproct, about twice as long as wide, with a depression on external dorsolateral surface, dorsal margin convex and ventral margin concave, and a small ventrobasal blunt tooth in lateral view ( Fig. 101a View Figure ), with medial surface slightly concave, with a small blunt ventrobasal tooth, a partially membranous laminar medial lobe with tip located proximal to midlength of cercus, and tip curved medially forming a subapical ridge, visible in dorsal and mediodorsal views ( Figs. 101b, c View Figure ). Paraproct longer than S10 length, at basal third narrowing to half its basal width and digitiform ( Fig. 101 View Figure ). TL 36.5–41; Hw 17–19.

Female: As male but pale colors pale yellow; pronotum with margins yellow; with middorsal carina yellow, mesepisternum black with pale yellow upper portion of humeral stripe along basal 2/3 of suture; mesepimeron black with lower portion of humeral stripe along distal 1/3 of suture; pale area of S9 extended dorsally medially to about 1/3 of segment height ( Fig. 29 View Figure ). Middle lobe of pronotum lacking pronounced lateral depressions; posterior lobe entire, directed posterodorsally, with sides straight and tip smoothly convex. Mesostigmal plate approximately triangular with central convex area pale yellow, with posteroexternal margin tilted anterodorsally, forming a vertical surface perpendicular to mesepisternum (Fig. 51). TL 30–35; Hw 18.5–20.

Diagnosis. Protoneura calverti  shares male cercus longer than wide and with a laminar lobe on medial surface with P. klugi  , P. macintyrei  , P. scintilla  , P. tenuis  , and P. woytkowskii  ( Figs. 101 View Figure ; 107–108; 114; 116; 118). Among them, it shares male cerci and paraprocts longer than S10 length with P. tenuis  and P. woytkowskii  ( Figs. 101a View Figure ; 116a; 118a), and it can be distinguished from them by the location of the laminar lobe on medial surface proximal to midlength of cercus ( Figs. 101a, b View Figure ), which in the other two species is distal to it ( Figs. 116 a, b View Figure ; 118 a, b). It further differs from them by genital ligula morphology, with distal segment from flexure to tip longer than wide in ectal view ( Fig. 75a View Figure ) and laterodistal process occupying only 1/4 or less of distal segment length in lateral view ( Fig. 75b View Figure ); in P. tenuis  distal segment from flexure to tip is usually wider than long in ectal view ( Figs. 90–91a View Figure ) and laterodistal process occupies 1/3 or more of distal segment length in lateral view ( Figs. 90–92bView FIGURES 85–91View FIGURES 92–96), whereas in P. woytkowskii  the tip of distal segment is projected distally into a long strap-like process, about as long as or longer than remainder of distal segment ( Figs. 94–96 View Figure ). Female of P. calverti  shares an approximately triangular mesostigmal plate with posteroexternal corner tilted anterodorsally, forming a vertical surface perpendicular to mesepisternum only with P. scintilla  (Figs. 51; 64). It can be distinguished from it by pronotum posterior lobe black with yellow lateral margins narrower than medial black, whereas in female of P. scintilla  posterior lobe is mostly yellow with only a narrow medial area black, narrower than each lateral yellow area.

Habitat and biology. The type series was found at a small sluggish stream flowing in a mud bed through woods, males fluttering almost motionless near water’s surface, and females ovipositing in submerged leaves, bringing the abdomen almost directly beneath the wing bases ( Williamson 1915).

Distribution. Venezuela, Guianas, and N Brazil ( Fig. 124 View Figure ). Assessed as Least Concern by IUCN (von Ellenrieder 2009a).

UMMZ

University of Michigan, Museum of Zoology

USNM

Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History

FSCA

Florida State Collection of Arthropods, The Museum of Entomology

CSCA

California State Collection of Arthropods

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Odonata

Family

Protoneuridae

Genus

Protoneura

Loc

Protoneura calverti Williamson, 1915

Ellenrieder, Natalia Von & Garrison, Rosser W. 2017

2017
Loc

Protoneura calverti

Garrison 2010: 379
Garrison 2003: 20Williamson 1915: 619

2003