Pheidole cardinalis , Wilson, E. O., 2003

Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 271

publication ID

20017

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/B84A13C6-BCC9-867F-F589-571E01C341DF

treatment provided by

Donat

scientific name

Pheidole cardinalis
status

new species

Pheidole cardinalis  HNS  new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology L cardinalis  HNS  , red.

diagnosis A member of the fallax  HNS  group, closest to caribbaea  HNS  , kukrana  HNS  , mantilla  HNS  , obscurior  HNS  , and rubiceps  HNS  (also scan alienata  HNS  , fallax  HNS  , jelskii  HNS  , laniger  HNS  , lattkei  HNS  , lovejoyi, petrensis  HNS  , puttemansi  HNS  , roushae  HNS  , susannae  HNS  , tobini  HNS  ), distinguished by the following combination of traits.

Major: brownish red, with yellow appendages; pilosity of posterior dorsal profde of head a mix of dense, uniform, medium-length semierect hairs and sparse, much longer erect hairs; occiput, frontal lobes, and vertex carinulate; area between eye and vertex rugoreticulate; the tip of the antennal scape comes to within a distance equal to the maximum scape width of the occipital border; shagreened and opaque.

Minor: nuchal collar present; propodeal spines reduced to denticles.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.40, HL 1.50, SL 1.04, EL 0.22, PW 0.66.

Paratype minor: HW 0.52, HL 0.74, SL 0.94, EL 0.14, PW 0.66.

color Major: body medium brownish red ("brick red") except for genae anterior to eyes, which, along with the appendages, are reddish yellow.

Minor: body concolorous light brown; appendages yellowish brown.

range Known only from the type locality.

biology The type colony came from an earthen nest.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. BRAZIL: Serra Caraca, Minas Gerais, 1380 m (K. Lenko). Scale bars = 1 mm.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Pheidole