Uramya contraria Fleming & Wood

Fleming, AJ, Wood, D. Monty, Smith, M. Alex, Hallwachs, Winnie, Janzen, Daniel & Dapkey, Tanya, 2017, Nine new species of Uramya Robineau-Desvoidy (Diptera: Tachinidae) from Area de Conservacion Guanacaste in northwestern Costa Rica, with a key to their identification, Biodiversity Data Journal 5, pp. 9649-9649: 9649

publication ID

http://dx.doi.org/10.3897/BDJ.5.e9649

publication LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:pub:899507E1-4FD9-44DC-9C16-782F9E738704

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/A95CABAB-81A0-4C60-BA89-8A457B1E773E

taxon LSID

lsid:zoobank.org:act:A95CABAB-81A0-4C60-BA89-8A457B1E773E

treatment provided by

Biodiversity Data Journal by Pensoft

scientific name

Uramya contraria Fleming & Wood
status

sp. n.

Uramya contraria Fleming & Wood  ZBK  sp. n.

Materials

Type status: Holotype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0022003; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs, Calixto Moraga, Petrona Rios, Manuel Rios; individualID: DHJPAR0022003; individualCount: 1; sex: M; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT1141-07, 07-SRNP-32916; Taxon: scientificName: Uramyacontraria; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Uramya; specificEpithet: contraria; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Area de Conservación Guanacaste; locality: Sector Pitilla ; verbatimLocality: Sendero Rotulo; verbatimElevation: 510; verbatimLatitude: 11.014; verbatimLongitude: -85.424; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 11.014; decimalLongitude: -85.424; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2015; Event: samplingProtocol: reared from caterpillar of CaviriareginaDHJ04 (Erebidae); verbatimEventDate: 01-Sep-2007; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0021038; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs, Calixto Moraga, Petrona Rios, Manuel Rios; individualID: DHJPAR0021038; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTA1381-07, 07-SRNP-32877; Taxon: scientificName: Uramyacontraria; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Uramya; specificEpithet: contraria; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Area de Conservación Guanacaste; locality: Sector Pitilla ; verbatimLocality: Casa Roberto; verbatimElevation: 520; verbatimLatitude: 11.011; verbatimLongitude: -85.421; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 11.011; decimalLongitude: -85.421; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2015; Event: samplingProtocol: reared from caterpillar of CaviriareginaDHJ04 (Erebidae); verbatimEventDate: 26-Aug-2007; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0021039; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs, Calixto Moraga, Petrona Rios, Manuel Rios; individualID: DHJPAR0021039; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTA1382-07, 07-SRNP-32922; Taxon: scientificName: Uramyacontraria; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Uramya; specificEpithet: contraria; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Area de Conservación Guanacaste; locality: Sector Pitilla ; verbatimLocality: Casa Roberto; verbatimElevation: 520; verbatimLatitude: 11.011; verbatimLongitude: -85.421; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 11.011; decimalLongitude: -85.421; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2015; Event: samplingProtocol: reared from caterpillar of CaviriareginaDHJ04 (Erebidae); verbatimEventDate: 31-Aug-2007; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps  Type status: Paratype. Occurrence: occurrenceDetails: http://janzen.sas.upenn.edu; catalogNumber: DHJPAR0022005; recordedBy: D.H. Janzen & W. Hallwachs, Calixto Moraga, Petrona Rios, Manuel Rios; individualID: DHJPAR0022005; individualCount: 1; sex: F; lifeStage: adult; preparations: pinned; otherCatalogNumbers: ASTAT1143-07, 07-SRNP-33078; Taxon: scientificName: Uramyacontraria; phylum: Arthropoda; class: Insecta; order: Diptera; family: Tachinidae; genus: Uramya; specificEpithet: contraria; scientificNameAuthorship: Fleming & Wood; Location: continent: Central America; country: Costa Rica; countryCode: CR; stateProvince: Guanacaste; county: Area de Conservación Guanacaste; locality: Sector Pitilla ; verbatimLocality: Pasmompa; verbatimElevation: 440; verbatimLatitude: 11.019; verbatimLongitude: -85.41; verbatimCoordinateSystem: Decimal; decimalLatitude: 11.019; decimalLongitude: -85.41; Identification: identifiedBy: AJ Fleming; dateIdentified: 2015; Event: samplingProtocol: reared from caterpillar of CaviriareginaDHJ04 (Erebidae); verbatimEventDate: 13-Sep-2007; Record Level: language: en; institutionCode: CNC; collectionCode: Insects; basisOfRecord: Pinned SpecimenGoogleMaps 

Description

Male (Fig. 7). Length: 12 -– 13 mm. Head (Fig. 7b): antenna black, with orange medially and at base, adjacent to pedicel; pedicel black; arista 1.5X as long as first flagellomere, dark brown and minutely pubescent; palpus dark yellow and haired; fronto-orbital plate, parafacial and gena silver pollinose; gena bearing fine hairs along lower margin. Thorax (Fig. 7b, c): entirely gray pollinose; dorsum of thorax and scutellum covered by conspicuous yellow-white hairs; sternopleura, hypopleura, pteropleura, and ventral surface of abdomen yellow-white pilose; 2 katepisternal bristles; 3 postsutural supra-alar bristles, 2nd postsutural supra-alar 4X as long as first; postpronotum bearing fine black hairs and anepisternum with fine yellow-white hairs; scutellum bearing 1 pair of discal bristles; underside of scutellum bearing a tuft of white hairs near basal marginal bristle. Legs: reddish-yellow in ground color; femora covered in long, yellow hairs interspersed among darker hairs and bristles; tarsi all black. Wing: smoky gray translucent; wing veins strongly infuscate; infuscation of wing veins becoming more generalized and blending together to a dark gray tone along basal portion of the wing. Abdomen (Fig. 7a): 1 pair of median marginal bristles on ST1+2 and T3; row of marginal bristles on T4 and T5; 2 pairs of median discal bristles on T3 and 1 pair on T4; abdomen dark brown dorsally, with silver pollen on anterior half of T3, T4 and T5; ST1+2 with 2 pollinose spots on either side of mid-dorsal depression; underside of abdomen entirely covered in silver pollinosity. Terminalia (Fig. 7d, e, f): sternite 5 with two small lobes; inner margin covered in dense pollinosity, appearing darker than surrounding cuticle; apical edges of lobes of sternite 5 bearing many long, stout, outwardly pointed bristles interspersed with longer bristles close to lobe margin; sternite 5 with wide V-shaped median cleft, 0.32X length of sternite from lobe apex to base; cercus sharply pointed and distinctly tapered; apical section 1.7X length of upper lobe; slightly curved when viewed laterally, with a slight upward hook at its tip; surstylus narrow, curved and scythe-like in lateral view; middle third of surstylus haired, otherwise almost bare; tip of surstylus not lobed when viewed dorsally and distinctly inwardly angled; surstylus 0.9X as long as cercus.

Female (Fig. 8). Length: 8-11 mm. As male, except with a slight golden tinge around the thoracic suture, one pair of median discal bristles on T3, T4 and T5, wing smoky brown translucent, only slightly infuscate around major wing veins.

Diagnosis

Uramya contraria  can be distinguished from all other Neotropical species of Uramya  by the following combination of traits: dark brown to black antennae, 3 postsutural supra-alar bristles, 2 strong lateral scutellar bristles, no discal scutellar bristles, underside of scutellum with a tuft of white hairs near basal marginal bristle, abdomen flattened dorsoventrally, ST1+2 with lateral white pollinose spots on either side of mid-dorsal depression, T5 subtriangular, not strongly produced into a long, tail-like process, 1 pair of median discal bristles on T3, T4 and T5, and silver pollinosity on underside of abdomen.

Etymology

The species epithet is derived from the latin adjective " contrarius " for contrary or opposed, referring to its overall similarity but differing terminalia to U. halisidotae  .

Distribution

Costa Rica, ACG (Prov. Guanacaste), 440-520 m.

Ecology

Uramya contraria  has been reared four times from a sample of 100 wild-caught, non-sibling Caviria regina  Cramer ( Erebidae  , Lymantriinae  ) in ACG rain forest.

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Diptera

Family

Tachinidae

Genus

Uramya