Pheidole hispaniolae , Wilson, E. O., 2003

Wilson, E. O., 2003, Pheidole in the New World. A dominant, hyperdiverse ant genus., Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, pp. -1--1: 707

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scientific name

Pheidole hispaniolae

new species

Pheidole hispaniolae  HNS  new species

Types Mus. Comp. Zool. Harvard.

Etymology Named after the Greater Antillean island of origin.

diagnosis Similar in various traits to balzani  HNS  , brunnescens  HNS  , exarata  HNS  , excubitor  HNS  , fabricator  HNS  , germaini  HNS  , nigella  HNS  , prattorum  HNS  , sabina  HNS  , sarpedon  HNS  , tristis  HNS  , tristops  HNS  , and unicornis  HNS  , differing as follows.

Major: head subquadrate, with gently convex sides and deep occipital cleft; promesonotal profile flat; propodeal spines thin, almost needle-like; petiolar node in side view tapered to a blunt point; postpetiolar node 2X broader than petiolar node in dorsal view, and cone-shaped; posterior third of dorsal head surface smooth and mostly shiny, sprinkled with widely spaced foveae; no rugoreticulum present anywhere; promesonotum carinulate.

Minor: occiput broad, lacking nuchal collar; humeri dentate; promesonotal profile smoothly semicircular; promesonotum partially carinulate; most of body smooth and shiny.

Measurements (mm) Holotype major: HW 1.64, HL 1.86, SL 0.86, EL 0.20, PW 0.78. Paratype minor: HW 0.66, HL 0.74, SL 0.78, EL 0.14, PW 0.46.

color Major: body light reddish brown, mandibles medium reddish brown, legs plain medium yellow. Minor: light to medium brownish yellow, legs plain medium yellow.

range Known from the type locality and other sites at 1100-1500 m in the Dominican Republic.

Biology The type colony was found in a rotting log in second-growth mountain rainforest. Other colonies were found in pine and mixed pine-hardwood forests. One nest contained males when discovered in April.

Figure Upper: holotype, major. Lower: paratype, minor. DOMINICAN REPUBLIC: 14 km northwest of Bonao, 19°02N 70°30'W, 1100 m (Philip S. Ward). Scale bars = 1 mm.