Euprenolepis negrosensis

LaPolla, J. S., 2009, Taxonomic Revision of the Southeast Asian Ant Genus Euprenolepis., Zootaxa 2046, pp. 1-25: 8-11

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Euprenolepis negrosensis


Euprenolepis negrosensis  HNS  (Wheeler, W.M., 1930)

(Figures 5A-D [worker];6A-I [queen and male] )

Chapmanella negrosensis Wheeler  HNS  , W.M., 1930: 42 (worker). Holotype worker, PHILIPPINES: Dumaguete Negros Oriental, 7 April 1927 (J.W. Chapman) ( MCZC) [examined]. Brown, 1953: 6, combination in Euprenolepis  HNS  ; Baltazar, 1966: 267, in Euprenolepis  HNS  ; Bolton, 1995:189, in Euprenolepis  HNS  ; Bolton et al., 2006, in Euprenolepis  HNS  .

Worker. Measurements (n=1): TL: 4.10; HW: 0.79; HL: 0.96; SL: 2.05; WL: 1.77; GL: 1.37. Indices: CI: 82; SI: 259.

Head brownish-yellow, with mandibles slightly darker; head much longer than broad. Head becomes slightly wider anteriorly. Head with abundant, long, thin erect setae, only sparse pubescence. Eyes very small, medially placed. Scapes exceptionally long, surpassing posterior margin by about the length of the funiculi; covered in abundant long, thin erect setae of varying lengths, with scattered pubescence. Mandibles similar to other Euprenolepis  HNS  , but basal tooth is roughly quadriform relative to inner mandibular margin; masticatory margin with two small cuspids (one specimen, however, observed with an obtuse angle to the basal tooth as seen in other Euprenolepis  HNS  ). Mesosoma brownish-yellow, shiny, with legs the same color. Pronotum elongate and low as it rises toward mesonotum; mesosomal dorsum with many scattered thin, erect setae of various lengths. Mesosomal dorsum at about the same height across length except toward anterior pronotum and propodeum; mesonotal area elongated. Propodeum dorsally rounded with steep, but short declivity; propodeum dorsum with abundant thin, erect setae of various lengths. Procoxae especially elongated and thin. Petiole triangular, low, not higher than propodeum in lateral view; posterior face longer than anterior face; gaster brownish-yellow with thin, long erect setae and no pubescence underneath.

Queen. Measurements (n=1): TL: 8.7; HW: 1.2; HL: 1.3; SL: 2.3; WL: 2.8; GL: 4.6. Indices: CI: 95; SI: 184.

As in worker, with modifications expected for caste and the following differences: Overall color darker than in worker, with head and gastral dorsum brown. Entire body covered in a dense layer of pubescence; erect setae of varying lengths cover head, mesosoma notum, legs and gaster.

Male. Measurements (n=1): TL: 4.4; HW: 0.9; HL: 0.9; SL: 1.6; WL: 1.7; GL: 1.8. Indices: CI: 100; SI: 176.

Overall color brown to brownish-yellow, lighter brown on legs and funiculi; head darker than remainder of body; head about as long as broad. Cuticular surface dull, covered in a dense layer of appressed setae. Eyes large and bulging beyond head outline in full-frontal view; three prominent ocelli present. Scapes very long; scapes with many erect setae of varying length and a dense layer of pubescence. Clypeus roughly rectangular, with anterior margin emarginated. Mandible broad, with 4 teeth; all but apical tooth are weakly developed; apical tooth distinct, curves in toward body midline. Mesosoma enlarged to accommodate flight muscles; covered in a layer of appressed setae, with erect setae of varying lengths dorsally and on legs. Pronotum small and distinctly collar-like; mesonotum offset from pronotum at sulcus; mesonotum rises sharply above height of pronotum, giving pronotum a shelf-like appearance in lateral view. Mesonotum flat dorsally with many erect setae of varying lengths; propodeum indistinct from remainder of mesosoma, but with steep declivity. Petiole short, triangular, upright, with posterior face only slightly longer than anterior face. Gaster with a dense layer of pubescence and erect setae; terminalia especially setose. Parameres roughly triangular, turning slightly mesad posteriorly; long setae extend off of parameres. Cuspi small and tubular, reaching digiti dorsally; digiti weakly anvil-shaped, with poorly developed point directed ventrally. Volsellar lobes flat, slightly indented relative to digital margin; appressed setae cover surface.

Additional material examined: MALAYSIA: Borneo, Sabah, Mauhua Waterfall area, ca. 1000 m alt., 4.xi.2000 (K. Eguchi).

Discussion: This species is easily distinguished from other species and is by far the most morphologically peculiar species in the genus. It has exceedingly long scapes, and an incredibly elongated, narrow body. Brown (1953) transferred this species to Euprenolepis  HNS  based on the constriction of the mesosoma immediately behind the pronotum and the short labial and maxillary palps. As discussed under the genus diagnosis section, however, this placement remains problematic. To my knowledge this species has only been collected three times, and what is really needed are specimens that can be utilized for molecular analysis to confirm placement within Euprenolepis  HNS  . Euprenolepis echinata  HNS  has a similarly shaped pronotum and this may indicate a close relationship with E. negrosensis  HNS  . Also as in E. negrosensis,  HNS  E. echinata  HNS  possesses particularly long erect setae, especially on the gaster.


USA, Massachusetts, Cambridge, Harvard University, Museum of Comparative Zoology


USA, Washington D.C., National Museum of Natural History, [formerly, United States National Museum]