Phrynoponera gabonensis (Ern. Andre)

Brown, W. L., 1950, Morphological, taxonomic and other notes on ants., Wasmann Journal of Biology 8, pp. 241-250: 246

publication ID

2360

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/12EA8DF4-9740-D904-4579-19E8D47FC658

treatment provided by

Christiana

scientific name

Phrynoponera gabonensis (Ern. Andre)
status

 

Phrynoponera gabonensis (Ern. Andre)  HNS  .

Bothroponera gabonensis Ern. Andre  HNS  , 1892, Revue d'Entomologie Caen, 11:50, worker. Wheeler, 1922, Bulletin American Museum of Natural History, 45:76-77, fig. 11, worker, [[queen]], as Phrynoponera  HNS  .

Pachycondyla (Bothroponera) gabonensis var. striatidens  HNS  Santschi, 1914, Bollettino Laboratorio di Zoologia Generate e Agraria Portici, 8:315, fig. 4, [[queen]]. (New synonymy.)

Pachycondyla (Bothroponera) gabonensis var. robustior Santschi  HNS  , 1919, Revue Zoologique Africaine, 7:82, worker. (New synonymy.)

Phrynoponera gabonensis var. esta Wheeler  HNS  , 1922, Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History, 45:77-78, worker, [[queen]]. (New synonymy.)

Phrynoponera gabonensis var. fecunda Wheeler  HNS  , 1922, Ibid., p. 78, worker, [[queen]]. (New synonymy.)

Phrynoponera gabonensis var. umbrosa Wheeler  HNS  , 1922, Idem., p. 78, worker, (New synonymy.)

I have examined the types of Wheeler's three varieties and specimens of what he considered to be typical P. gabonensis  HNS  . All of these specimens came from the Congo, mostly from the stomachs of species of Bufo. At least some of each series came from Medje, and most are represented from Akenge. The differences between these forms are very slight, and in spite of careful examination, I cannot see the characters which Wheeler cites in several cases as points of differentiation. Where variation of perceptible degree does occur, it is extremely slight and seems to link Santschi's two varieties with the typical form. It seems to me that both Wheeler and Santschi were pushing even the weak varietal category to inexcusable extremes by placing names on these utterly insignificant variants. Though I have not seen specimens, I consider it at least a possibility that Phrynoponera heterodus Wheeler  HNS  belongs in the synonymy of Phrynoponera gabonensis  HNS  .

Kingdom

Animalia

Phylum

Arthropoda

Class

Insecta

Order

Hymenoptera

Family

Formicidae

Genus

Phrynoponera

Loc

Phrynoponera gabonensis (Ern. Andre)

Brown, W. L. 1950

1950
Loc

Bothroponera gabonensis Ern. Andre

Mayr 1862

1862