Strumigenys balux Fisher , Bolton, B., 2000

Bolton, B., 2000, The ant tribe Dacetini. With a revision of the Strumigenys species of the Malgasy Region by Brian L. Fisher, and a revision of the Austral epopostrumiform genera by Steven O. Shattuck., Memoirs of the American Entomological Institute 65, pp. 1-1028: 672

publication ID

8538

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0E434996-BC2C-870B-FF8A-46A68A0D9D21

treatment provided by

Donat

scientific name

Strumigenys balux Fisher
status

sp. n.

Strumigenys balux Fisher  HNS  sp. n.

HOLOTYPE WORKER. TL 2.5, HL 0.62, HW 0.47, CI 77, ML 0.32, MI 51, SL 0.40, SI 85, PW 0.29, AL 0.69. Characters of chroa-complex. Mandibles almost straight and at full closure parallel except near base. Ventral surface of apicoventral fork tooth with 1 or 2 basally located denticles. A narrow lamella present on inner margin of mandible from base to proximal preapical tooth; in full-face view inner margins of lamellae shallowly and evenly convex and more or less touching at full closure. Upper scrobe margin rounding into the sides of head near posterior margin of eye. Eye large, the maximum diameter distinctly greater than the maximum width of the scape. Hairs on leading edge of scape slender, slightly flattened or spoon-shaped apically. Cephalic dorsum with curved narrow spatulate to spoon-shaped ground-pilosity, the upper scrobe margins fringed with a row of hairs which are the same shape and size as those on the dorsum. Cephalic dorsum with 4 simple standing hairs arranged in a transverse row close to the occipital margin. Pronotal humeral hair absent. Anterior margin of mesonotum with a pair of erect clavate hairs. Ground-pilosity on alitrunk as on head. Posterior portion of mesonotum shallowly concave dorsally; propodeal dorsum sloping gradually to declivity. Propodeal teeth slender and acute; lamella on declivity narrow. Head, alitrunk dorsum and sides, petiole, and postpetiole disc in dorsal view reticulate-punctate. Ventral spongiform tissue on petiole moderately developed, lateral lobes small and vestigial. Postpetiole with distinct lateral and ventral spongiform lobes. Base of first gastral tergite with a continuous row of costulae. Dorsal surfaces of petiole, postpetiole and gaster with stout standing hairs which are thickened apically. Colour dull yellowish brown.

Holotype worker, Madagascar: 45 km. S Ambalavao, 22 ° 13 ' S, 47 ° 1 ' E, 785 m., 25. ix. 1993, sifted litter (leaf mold, rotten wood) rainforest # 696 (26) - 10 (B. L. Fisher) (MCZ).

NON-PARATYPIC MATERIAL EXAMINED. Madagascar: 5 km. S Sambava (W. L. & D. E. Brown); Station Forestihre Ampijoroa (P. S. Ward); 7 km. W Ranomafana (WE. Sieiner).

Measurements of non-paratypic material: TL 2.3 - 2.5, HL 0.57 - 0.61, HW 0.45 - 0.50, CI 77 - 82, ML 0.29 - 0.30, MI 49 - 51, SL 0.36 - 0.40, SI 75 - 86, PW 0.27 - 0.29, AL 0.62 - 0.67 (4 measured).

S. balux  HNS  is distinguished from other species in the chroa-complex by lacking a pronotal humeral hair, having a single pair of clavate hairs on the anterior margin of the mesonotum, and having mandibular lamellae more or less tpuching at full closure. See under cabira  HNS  for further discussion.