Pheidole Westwood

Ward, P. S., 2005, A synoptic review of the ants of California (Hymenoptera: Formicidae)., Zootaxa 936, pp. 1-68: 35

publication ID

21008

persistent identifier

http://treatment.plazi.org/id/0E1FE31D-1D22-EC3E-31F5-149786D61392

treatment provided by

Thomas

scientific name

Pheidole Westwood
status

 

Genus Pheidole Westwood  HNS 

This is one of the world’s largest ant genera, with more than 600 species recognized in the New World alone (Wilson 2003). The native California Pheidole  HNS  are all ground-dwelling species, found in open, dry habitats. A few of the species are generalized scavengers, but most belong to a group of seed-harvesting specialists, the P. pilifera-group  HNS  , with fifteen species in the state. There are also three introduced species, currently of limited distribution and confined to urban areas.

Species identification: keys in Gregg (1959), Wheeler and Wheeler (1986g) and Wilson(2003). Additional references: Clark et al. (1986), Cole (1956c), Creighton and Gregg (1955), Davidson (1977a), Johnson (2000a, 2000b, 2001), Langen et al. (2000), Martinez (1992, 1996, 1997), Snelling (1992b), Snelling and George (1979), Ward (2000), Wheeler and Wheeler (1973e).